Record jump in materials prices and supply chain disruptions threaten vital projects
By Jenny LescohierApril 12, 2021
An unprecedented leap in the price of construction materials, as well as supply chain disruptions, are creating hardships for contractors and slowing down projects, according to an analysis of government data by the Associated General Contractors of America (AGC).
The association posted a Construction Inflation Alert to update contractors and their clients about the latest developments. Officials have urged the Biden administration to end a variety of tariffs and quotas on imported construction inputs and to help ease domestic supply chain problems.
“Today’s producer price index report documents just some of challenges contractors are experiencing with fast-rising materials costs, lengthening or uncertain delivery times, and rationing of key inputs,” said Ken Simonson, the association’s chief economist. “These problems threaten to drive up the cost and completion time for many vital projects and potentially set back the recovery in construction employment.”
Prices for materials and services used in construction and contractors’ bid prices both declined at the beginning of the pandemic but have diverged in the past year, Simonson said.
A government index that measures the selling price for goods used in construction jumped 3.5% from February to March and 12.9% since March 2020. Both the monthly and yearly increases were the highest recorded in the 35-year history of the series, he noted.
Meanwhile, the producer price index for new nonresidential construction - a measure of what contractors say they would charge to erect five types of nonresidential buildings - increased only 0.5% last month and 1.7% over the past 12 months.
“These material cost increases - steep as they are - tell only part of the story,” Simonson added. “They are based on prices the government collected a month ago, and they fail to capture the notices contractors are receiving daily about longer lead times, shipments held to a fraction of previous orders, and other challenges.”
Association officials said some of the supply chain problems are being caused by the pandemic, which is leaving manufacturers and shippers shorthanded amid growing demand for a host of products. But they added that federal policies, particularly tariffs and quotas on key building materials like lumber and steel, are also contributing to price spikes, supply shortages, and delivery delays. They urged the administration to remove those import barriers and explore ways to help unclog shipping backups.
“The Biden administration must address soaring lumber and steel costs and broader supply chain woes with the same energy they are putting into dealing with shortages of automotive microchips,” said Stephen E. Sandherr, the association’s chief executive officer. “Without tariff relief and other measures, construction employers will have little ability to invest in new equipment and hire new employees.”